Now showing items 1-5 of 5
Observation study of water outlet design from a cross-infection/user perspective: time for a radical re-think?
Background: Handwashing is a key barrier to cross-infection performed at a handwash station (HWS). Elbow-operated outlets, if used incorrectly (with hands), become highly touched objects, potentially providing a route for ...
The handwash station: friend or fiend?
Handwashing is a key barrier to cross-infection performed at a handwash station (HWS, an interface between water and drainage systems). Widespread and often uncritical placement/design and use of HWSs is not without attendant ...
Giving the tap the elbow? An observational study.
BACKGROUND: Handwashing is viewed as the most important barrier to cross-infection. Incorrect use of clinical handwash basins may lead to cross-infection either from contaminated water or due to failure to decontaminate ...
Down the drain and back up a drain
In this issue the paper by Aranega-Bou et al provides one more piece to the jigsaw of our understanding on drains and spread of organisms .
Dissemination of antibiotic resistance and other healthcare waterborne pathogens. The price of poor design, construction, usage and maintenance of modern water/sanitation services.
Summary Classical waterborne pathogens (cholera/typhoid) drove the development of safe water and sanitation during the industrial revolution. Whilst effective against these organisms, other bacteria exploited the potential ...