The relationship of ethnicity, maternal height and shoe size, and method of delivery.
In a bid to determine the relationship of ethnicity, maternal height and shoe size as predictors of cephalopelvic disproportion, we conducted a prospective comparative study of primigravidas at term with singleton pregnancies, who had undergone spontaneous labour. A total of 208 primigravidas were studied; 151 (62.9%) achieved vaginal delivery and 57 (37.1%) had emergency caesarean section for failure-to-progress. We found a statistically significant positive correlation between maternal height and vaginal delivery (p = 0.04), but no correlation with maternal shoe size was found (p = 0.24). This study also showed that Caucasian women were significantly more than twice as likely to achieve vaginal delivery compared with Africans (p = 0.02). Maternal height of at least 162.5 cm, has a sensitivity of 74% and a specificity of 43% for predicting vaginal delivery. We concluded that the most predictive anthropometric measurement for vaginal delivery is maternal height.
- Gynaecology